Avestae - History

© 1995-2001 Untangle Incorporated
Last Updated: Wednesday, December 15, 1999

Most of what we know about Persian gods comes to us from a document written by Zorasterians - the Avestae (prayer). At some time earlier than 2700 B.C.E. the Persians worshipped natural forces, as well as a social pantheon of gods. The supreme god was Ahura Mazdah the sky. Against him stood Ahriman, god of darkness. Between them stood Vayu, god of air and wind. The other gods with Vayu were Tishtrya, the rain god; and Anahita source of all water on earth , of human reproduction and the cosmic sea; and finally the often repeated disappearing god, named Rapithwin, lord of noonday heat and summer months who disappears beneath the ground when the demon of winter appears. Around 2700 B.C.E. the prophet Zoroaster sets down the inherent dualism of the Persian faith, and states that only Ahura Mazdah is worthy of worship. The end of the universe will result in good triumphing over evil. The Avestae consists of several books:

The founder of Zoroastrianism is Zarathustra, whom as everyone knows is the narrator of Friedrich Nietzsche's "So Spake Zarathustra" (in English). The German Nazi's took up his theme and everything said about Zarathustra has biased because of the association.
Carl Jung gave a famous series of lectures on "Nietzsche's Zarathustra"
Here is a link that discusses Zarathustra...

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